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World Politics 51.1 (1998) 78
 

Welfare-State Retrenchment Revisited:
Entitlement Cuts, Public Sector Restructuring, and Inegalitarian Trends in Advanced Capitalist Societies

Richard Clayton and Jonas Pontusson


Table 3
Average Annual Growth of Total Social Spending (at Constant Prices)
per Poor Person (40% of Median Income) and Real GDP Per Capita (1979-92)

Social Spending/Poor Real GDP/Capita

Sweden 1981-92 .66 1.02
Germany 1978-89 .87 2.11
U.K. 1979-91 1.63 1.87
U.S. 1979-91 .81 1.23

Sources: Total social spending as percentage of GDP from OECD, New Directions in Social Policy in OECD Countries (Paris: OECD, 1994); and idem, Social Expenditure Statistics of OECD Member Countries, Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers (Paris: OECD, 1996); GDP at constant prices from OECD, National Accounts: Main Aggregates (Paris: OECD, 1996); poverty rates from Kenworthy (see Table 2); population size from OECD, Labour Force Statistics (Paris: OECD, various years); and real growth of GDP per capita from OECD, Historical Statistics (Paris: OECD, 1996).
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Tables: Welfare-State Retrenchment Revisited: Entitlement Cuts, Public Sector Restructuring, and Inegalitarian Trends in Advanced Capitalist Societies

[Table 1] [Table 2] [Table 3] [Table 4] [Table 5] [Table 6] [Table 7] [Table 8] [Table 9] [Table 10]

http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/world_politics/v051/51.1clayton_tab03.html.