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World Politics 51.1 (1998) 75
 

Welfare-State Retrenchment Revisited:
Entitlement Cuts, Public Sector Restructuring, and Inegalitarian Trends in Advanced Capitalist Societies

Richard Clayton and Jonas Pontusson


Table 2
Percentage of the Population Living in Households with an
Income of Less Than 40% of the Median Income (c. 1980 and 1991)

Before Taxes and Transfers After Taxes and Transfers

Sweden 1981 16.4 6.0
1992 20.6 3.8
Germany 1978 13.1 2.0
1989 14.1 2.4
U.K. 1979 20.0 3.1
1991 25.7 5.3
U.S. 1979 18.8 10.6
1991 21.0 11.7

Source: Lane Kenworthy, "Do Social-Welfare Policies Reduce Poverty?" Social Forces (forthcoming). Pretax/transfer figures for 1978-81 were provided directly by Kenworthy.
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Tables: Welfare-State Retrenchment Revisited: Entitlement Cuts, Public Sector Restructuring, and Inegalitarian Trends in Advanced Capitalist Societies

[Table 1] [Table 2] [Table 3] [Table 4] [Table 5] [Table 6] [Table 7] [Table 8] [Table 9] [Table 10]

http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/world_politics/v051/51.1clayton_tab02.html.