Dmitry P. Gorenburg
Books, Journal Articles, Other Publications, and Work in Progress


Minority Ethnic Mobilization in the Russian Federation, 2003, Cambridge University Press.  You can download the introductory chapter of the book.

Journal Articles

"Rethinking Interethnic Marriage in the Soviet Union." 2006, Post Soviet Affairs 22 (2): pp. 145-165.

This article examines the impact of interethnic marriage on ethnic identity. The extensive literature on intermarriage produced by Soviet scholars as well as the work of Western scholars on this subject is analyzed in terms of the findings, methodologies, and conceptions of ethnic identity that formed the framework for such studies. These are compared with other possible approaches to underlying questions about the sources and nature of ethnic identity and the problem of how ethnic identity should be conceptualized.

"Where Are We Going? What Is To Be Done?" (With Ronald G. Suny), 2006, AAASS NewsNet 46 (4).

Great Promise Unfulfilled: How Russia Lost its Way after Independence” (with H.H. Gaffney), 2006, Insight Turkey 8 (1).
Also published as CSIS PONARS Working Paper #26, February 2006.

This paper reviews the most important events in Russian history since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It focuses on general trends in Russian development as the country underwent a triple transition to democracy, market economy, and federal state. At first, Russia hoped to quickly become part of the world community and to join the ranks of the fully developed market economies. The failure of market reforms through at least 1998 to improve living standards among the vast majority of the population, the rapid increase in crime and corruption in the country, and the waning of Russian influence in world affairs all combined to create a climate of disillusionment with the post-communist transition.

Tatar Language Policies in Comparative Perspective: Why Some Revivals Fail and Some Succeed” 2005, Ab Imperio (1): pp. 257-284.

Nationalism for the Masses: Popular Support for Nationalism in Russia’s Ethnic Republics” 2001, Europe-Asia Studies 53 (1): pp. 73-104.

Not with One Voice: An Explanation of Intragroup Variation in Nationalist Sentiment” 2000, World Politics 53 (1): pp. 115-142.

Support for nationalism among minorities in multiethnic countries has received a great deal of scholarly attention in recent years. Few of these studies, however, have delved into the social bases of support for nationalism within a particular ethnic group. Scholars who study nationalism usually assume that support for nationalism among the members of an ethnic group is either randomly distributed or identical for all members of the group. Both assumptions are implausible. This article seeks to show that support for nationalism among members of an ethnic group is neither constant nor random. Furthermore, it argues that the extent to which members of social subgroups within the ethnic group come to support nationalism is predictable and is based on a particular sequence of mobilization. This sequence depends on the extent to which members of each subgroup possess a sense of common collective identity and on the strength of their social ties with those who are at the forefront of the mobilization effort. Both of these factors in turn depend largely on the extent to which state institutions promote ethnic identification among the minority population and create links that increase the density of intragroup social ties. Ethnic institutions are thus the key factor in explaining the sequence by which social groups within an ethnic minority population come to support nationalism.

Identity Change in Bashkortostan: Tatars into Bashkirs and Back” 1999, Ethnic and Racial Studies 22 (3):  pp. 554-580.

Russian language version published in Vestnik Evrazii #1 2004


Students of ethnic identity have recently begun to recognize the role of the state in causing identity shift. Constructivists, in particular, focus on the importance of state institutions and policies in creating new identities and transforming old ones. This article focuses on identity creation and change in Bashkortostan, an ethnic region within the Russian Federation. It shows how, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the Russian/Soviet state created new ethnic identities from pre-existing regional, estate-based and religious identities. It also shows how later changes in state institutions and policies played a crucial role in determining the direction of identity change among a mixed population, straddling the geographical and cultural boundaries between the Tatar and Bashkir ethnic groups. By tracing the impact of the state on one ethnic group over an extended time-period, this article shows that state actions can lead to both instrumental and culturally-based shifts in ethnic identity.

Regional Separatism in Russia: Ethnic Mobilization or Power Grab?” 1999, Europe-Asia Studies 51 (2): 245-274.
Russian language version published in Bashkortostan v Politicheskom Prostranstve, Ufa 2004

NOTE: Articles should be downloaded for personal use only.

Other Publications

Book Chapters

Tatar Identity and the 2002 Russian Census.” Forthcoming in The Census and the Construction of Identity in the Russian Federation (working title), edited by Dominique Arel and David Kertzer.

Assimilation and Soviet Nationalities Policy.” Forthcoming in Rebounding Identities: The Politics of Identity in Russia and Ukraine, edited by Blair Ruble, Nancy Popson and Dominique Arel. Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2006.

"Tatars as Meso-Nation" in Emerging Meso-Areas in the Former Socialist Countries: Histories Revived or Improvised?, edited by Kimitaka Matsuzato,             Hokkaido Slavic Research Center, 2005: pp. 83-89.

“The Bashkir Community in Russia,” in The Ethnopolitical Encyclopaedia of Europe, edited by Karl Cordell and Stefan Wolff. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

“The Roots of Violence in South Africa,” In Beyond a Political Solution to Apartheid, edited by Evan Lieberman, Center of International Studies Monograph Series #4, Princeton University, 1993.

PONARS Policy Memos

The Failure of Tatar Language Revival” PONARS Policy Memo #379, December 2005.

The View of Russian Electoral Reforms from Russia's Ethnic Republics” PONARS Policy Memo #338, November 2004.

The 2002 Russian Census and the Future of the Russian Population” PONARS Policy Memo #319, November 2003.

Center for Naval Analysis Reports

CNA’s Russia Program, 1991-2004: A Valedictory” (with H.H. Gaffney), CNA Information Memorandum D0012804.A3, August 2005.

The Trajectory of ‘The Gap’ into the Future” (with H.H. Gaffney), CNA Information Memorandum D0012724.A1, July 2005.

The American Way of War and its Transformation in the post-Cold War Period, 1989-2003” (with H.H. Gaffney, Eugene Cobble and Michael McDevitt), CNA Research Memorandum D0008607.A1, February 2004.

The Future of Russia and the Russian Navy” (with H.H. Gaffney), CNA Information Memorandum D0009376.A1, January 2004.

For the Record: All U.S. Forces’ Responses to Situations, 1970-2000” (with H.H. Gaffney and Eugene Cobble), CNA Information Memorandum D0008414.A2, August 2003.

Sustaining U.S.-Russian Strategic Relations” (with H.H. Gaffney, Eugene Cobble, and Malia Dumont), CNA Information Memorandum D0008302.A1, May 2003.

Security in the Baltic Sea Region: Final Report” (with Melissa Henton, Susan McArver, Debra Roepke, and Daniel Whiteneck), CNA Research Memorandum D0006917.A2, October 2002.

Security in the Baltic Sea Region: Country Profiles and Recommendations” (with Melissa Henton, Susan McArver, Debra Roepke, and Daniel Whiteneck), CNA Research Memorandum D0006918.A2, October 2002.

The Future of National Security: A Report on Workshops in Four Cities” (with H.H. Gaffney), CNA Research Memorandum D0003321.A1, August 2002.

The Expansion of NATO into the Baltic Sea Region: Prague 2002 and Beyond” (with Melissa Henton, Debra Roepke, and Daniel Whiteneck), CNA Research Memorandum D0006161.A2, May 2002.

U.S.- Russian Cooperation after September 11, 2001” (with H.H. Gaffney), CNA Information Memorandum D0005645.A1, January 2002.

European Security & Russia: A Workshop at CNAC, 13 April 2001” (with H.H. Gaffney and Daniel Whiteneck), CNA Information Memorandum D0004282.A1, July 2001.

Achieving Balance between the Navy’s Cooperation and Disclosure Policies: An Examination of the Navy’s Personnel Exchange Program” (with Susan McArver, Mark Rosen, Caroline Lane, and Patrick Roth), CNA Research Memorandum D0003604.A1, March 2001.

U.S. Naval Responses to Situations, 1970-1999” (with H.H. Gaffney, Eugene Cobble, Adam Moody, Richard Weitz, and Daniel Whiteneck), CNA Research Memorandum D0002763.A2, December 2000.

Renewing the US-Russian Strategic Partnership: Conference Report,” CNA Information Memorandum D0002407.A1, November 2000.

Work in Progress

"Great Promise Unfulfilled: How Russia Lost Its Way After Independence" (with H.H. Gaffney). Last updated July 2005.
 Summary of Russian history 1991-2004. Especially useful as an overview for undergraduates.

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