IR Generals Review Notes 2007

Please Read: Thanks to Cosette Creamer, Francis Czyzowicz, Jens Hainmueller, Claire Schwartz, and Lili Zhang for writing and making these notes available. They deserve all the credit, as I am only posting what they have written. These notes are provided for reference only and should not be abused. These are informal summaries, which may include direct quotes not specifically identified by quotation marks. These unattributed quotations are cited in so far as the article from which they were drawn is clearly identified at the beginning of each summary. For notes from previous years, see Olivia Lau's or Ben Goodrich's website.

Development of the Field

  • Hoffmann, Stanley. 1977. An American Social Science: International Relations. Daedalus 106(3): 41-60.
  • Waever, Ole. 1998. The Sociology of a Not So International Discipline: American and European Developments in International Relations. International Organization 52(4): 687-727.
  • Katzenstein, Peter J., Robert O. Keohane, and Stephen D. Krasner. 1998. International Organization and the Study of World Politics. International Organization 52(4): 645-685.
  • Schmidt, Brian C. 1998. The Political Discourse of Anarchy: A Disciplinary History of International Relations. Albany: State University of New York.
  • Ruggie, John G. 1983. Continuity and Transformation in the World Polity: Toward a Neorealist Synthesis. World Politics 35(2): 261-285.
  • Waltz, Kenneth. 1986. Reflections on Theory of International Politics: A Response to My Critics. In Neorealism and Its Critics, edited by Robert Keohane, pp. 322-345. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Waltz, Kenneth. 1979. Theory of International Politics. Ch 4-6. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
  • Morgenthau, Hans. 1948. Politics Among Nations. Ch 1-2. New York: Knopf.
  • Ashley, Richard K. 1986. The Poverty of Neorealism. In Neorealism and Its Critics, edited by Robert Keohane, pp. 255-300. New York: Columbia University Press.

War and Power

  • Blainey, Geoffrey. 1986. The Causes of War. 3rd Edition. New York: Free Press.
  • Fearon, James D. 1995. Rationalist Explanations for War. International Organization 49(3): 379-414.
  • Reiter, Dan. 2003. Exploring the Bargaining Model of War. Perspectives on Politics 1(1): 27-43.
  • Jervis, Robert. 1976. Perception and Misperception in International Politics. Ch 3. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Rosen, Stephen P. 2005. War and Human Nature. Ch. 1-2. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Herrmann, Richard K. and Michael P. Fischerkeller. 1995. Beyond the Enemy Image and Spiral Model: Cognitive-Strategic Research after the Cold War. International Organization 49(3): 415-450.
  • Mearsheimer, John J. 2001. The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: W.W. Norton.
  • Wendt, Alexander. 1999. Social Theory of International Politics. Ch. 6. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wendt, Alexander. 1992. Anarchy is what States Make of it: The Social Construction of Power Politics. International Organization 46(2): 391-425.
  • Powell, Robert. 1999. In the Shadow of Power. Ch. 3-4. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Goertz, Gary and Paul Diehl. 2000. Rivalries: The Conflict Process. In What Do We Know About War?, edited by John Vasquez, pp. 197-217. Rowan and Littlefield.

Technology and Conflict

  • Powell, Robert. 1985. The Theoretical Foundations of Strategic Nuclear Deterrence. Political Science Quarterly 100(1): 75-96.
  • Sagan, Scott D. and Kenneth N. Waltz. 1995. The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed. New York: W.W. Norton.
  • Glaser, Charles L. and Chaim Kaufmann. 1998. What is the Offense-Defense Balance and Can We Measure It? International Security 22(4): 44-82.
  • Van Evera, Stephen. 1999. Causes of War: Power and the Roots of Conflict. Ch 6. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Hymans, Jacques. 2002. Why Do States Acquire Nuclear Weapons: Comparing the Cases of India and France. In Nuclear India in the Twenty-First Century, edited by D.R. SarDesai and Raju Thomas. Palgrave.
  • Tannenwald, Nina. 2005. Stigmatizing the Bomb: Origins of the Nuclear Taboo. International Security 29(4): 5-49.

Alliance and Conflict

  • Walt, Stephen M. 1987. Origins of Alliances. Ch. 1-2, 5. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Morrow, James D. 1993. Arms Versus Allies: Trade-offs in the Search for Security. International Organization 47(2): 207-233.
  • Levy, Jack. 1981. Alliance Formation and War Behavior: An Analysis of the Great Powers, 1495-1975. Journal of Conflict Resolution 25(4): 581-613.
  • Christensen, Thomas and Jack Snyder. 1990. Chain Gangs and Passed Bucks: Predicting Alliance Patterns in Multipolarity. International Organization 44(2): 137-168.
  • David, Steven R. 1991. Explaining Third World Alignment. World Politics 43(2): 233-256.
  • Leeds, Brett Ashley. 2003. Do Alliances Deter Agression? The Influence of Military Alliances on the Initiation of Militarized Interstate Disputes. American Journal of Political Science 47(3): 427-439.
  • Adler, Emanuel and Michael N. Barnett. 1998. A Framework for the Study of Security Communities. In Security Communities, edited by Emanuel Adler and Michael N. Barnett, pp. 29-65. Cambridge University Press.

International Instutitions: Cooperation

  • Axelrod, Robert. 1984. The Evolution of Cooperation. Ch. 1-4. New York: Basic Books.
  • Grieco, Joseph. 1988. Anarchy and the Limits of Cooperation: A Realist Critique of the Newest Liberal Institutionalism. International Organization 42(3): 485-507.
  • Mearsheimer, John J. 1994. The False Promise of International Institutions. International Security 19(3): 5-49.
  • Keohane, Robert O. and Lisa L. Martin. 1995. The Promise of Institutionalist Theory. International Security 20(1): 39-51.
  • Lewis, Jeffrey. 2005. The Janus Face of Brussels: Socialization and Everyday Decision Making in the European Union. International Organization 59(4): 937-971.
  • Hooghe, Lisbet. 2005. Several Roads Lead to International Norms, but Few Via International Socialization: A Case Study of the European Commission. International Organization 59(4): 861-898.
  • Ruggie, John G. 1982. International Regimes, Transactions, and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Postwar Economic System. International Organization 36(2): 379-415.

International Institutions: Compliance and Design

Democracy and Peace

Empire, Trade, and Power

  • Gilpin, Robert. 1981. War and Change in International Politics. Ch. 1-5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Snyder, Jack. 1991. Myths of Empire: Domestic Politics and International Ambition. Ch. 1-5. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Gowa, Joanne and Edward D. Mansfield. 1993. Power, Politics, and International Trade. American Political Science Review 87(2): 408-420.
  • Kindleberger, Charles. 1981. Dominance and Leadership in the International Economy: Exploitation, Public Goods, and Free Rides. International Studies Quarterly 25(2): 242-254.
  • Stein, Arthur. 1984. The Hegemon's Dilemma: Great Britain, the United States, and the International Economic Order. International Organization 38(2): 355-386.

Domestic Institutions and Interests

  • Milner, Helen V. 1997. Interests, Institutions, and Information: Domestic Politics and Information. Ch. 1-4. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Martin, Lisa L. 2000. Democratic Commitments: Legislatures and International Cooperation. Ch. 1-2, 7. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Rogowski, Ronald. 1987. Political Cleavages and Changing Exposure to Trade. American Political Science Review 81(4): 1121-1137.
  • Frieden, Jeff. 1988. Sectoral Conflict and U.S. Foreign Economic Policy, 1914-1940. International Organization 42(1): 59-90.
  • Milner, Helen V. 1988. Trading Places: Industries for Free Trade. World Politics 40(3): 350-376.
  • Bailey, Michael, Judith Goldstein, and Barry R. Weingast. 1997. The Institutional Roots of American Trade Policy. World Politics 49(3): 309-338.

Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Religion

  • Van Evera, Stephen. 1994. Hypotheses on Nationalism and War. International Security 18(4): 5-39.
  • Saideman, Stephen M. 1997. Explaining the International Relations of Secessionist Conflicts: Vulnerability versus Ethnic Ties. International Organization 51(4): 721-753.
  • Fearon, James D. and David D. Laitin. 2003. Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War. American Political Science Review 97(1): 75-90.
  • Mueller, John. 2000. The Banality of "Ethnic War". International Security 25(1): 42-70.
  • Sambanis, Nicholas. 2001. Do Ethnic and Nonethnic Civil Wars Have the Same Causes?: A Theoretical and Empirical Inquiry (Part 1). Journal of Conflict Resolution 45(3): 259-282.
  • Gellner, Ernest. 1983. Nations and Nationalism. Blackwell Publishing.