Christine M. Korsgaard

Forthcoming from Oxford: Fellow Creatures: Our Obligations to the Other Animals

Table of Contents

Part One: Human Beings and the Other Animals

1. Are People More Important than the Other Animals?
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Reasons to Treat People and Animals Differently
1.3 Tethered Values
1.4 Why Tethered Values and Superior Importance are (almost) Incompatible

2. Animal Selves and the Good
2.1 The Origin of the Good
2.2 Objections
2.3 Self-Consciousness and the Self
2.4 Active and Passive Self-Constitution

3. Whatís Different about Being Human?
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Rational and Instinctive Minds
3.3 Evaluating Reasons and Evaluating the Self
3.4 Species Being
3.5 Ethics and Science

4. The Case Against Human Superiority
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Does Morality make Humans superior to the Other Animals?
4.3 The Implications of Cognitive Sophistication
4.4 Are Humans Better Off than the Other Animals?
4.5 Conclusion

Part Two: Immanuel Kant and the Animals

5. Kant, Marginal Cases, and Moral Standing
5.1 Human Beings as Ends in Themselves
5.2 Against the Argument from Marginal Cases
5.3 Atemporal Creatures
5.4 What is Moral Standing Anyway?

6. Kant Against the Animals, Part 1: The Indirect Duty View
6.1 Animals as Mere Means
6.2 How Kant Thinks We Ought to Treat Animals
6.3 An Incoherent Attitude
6.4 The Problem of the Moral Filter
6.5 Desert and the Worthiness to be Happy
6.6 Treated Like Animals

7. Kant Against the Animals, Part 2: Reciprocity and the Grounds of Obligation
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Reciprocity Arguments
7.3 Kantís Account of Moral Choice
7.4 Kant on Reciprocal Legislation
7.5 The Universalization Test and the Treatment of Animals

8. A Kantian Case for Our Obligations to the Other Animals
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Kantís Copernican Revolution
8.3 The Concept of an End in Itself
8.4 Valuing Ourselves as Ends in Ourselves
8.5 Valuing Animals as Ends in Themselves
8.6 Morality as Our Way of Being Animals
8.7 Different Moral Relations to People and Animals
8.8 Trouble in the Kingdom of Ends

9. The Role of Pleasure and Pain
9.1 Rapprochement with Utilitarianism?
9.2 Aggregation and Its Implications
9.3 The Nature of Pleasure and Pain
9.4 The Place of Pleasure and Pain in the Final Good
9.5 Matters of Life and Death
9.6 Kantian Naturalism

Part Three: Consequences

10. The Animal Antinomy, Part 1: Creation Ethics
10.1 Eliminating Predation
10.2 Abolitionism
10.3 The Animal Antinomy
10.4 Creation Ethics
10.5 Individuals, Groups, and Species

11. Species, Communities, and Habitat Loss
11.1 The Value of Species
11.2 The Good of a Species and the Good of its Members
11.3 What is a Species
11.4 Does a Species have a Good?
11.5 Species as Generic Organisms
11.6 How to Care about Species
11.7 Eliminating Predation Again
11.8 Restoring Habitat
11.9 Should Humans go Extinct?

12. The Animal Antinomy, Part 2: Abolition and Apartheid
12.1 Reorganizing Nature
12.2 How to Treat Animals as Ends in Themselves
12.3 Eating Animals
12.4 Working Animals and Animals in the Military
12.5 The Use of Animals in Scientific Experiments
12.6 Companion Animals

Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity
Oxford University Press, 2009.

An expansion of my 2002 Locke Lectures, in which I argue that moral principles, and the principles of practical reason generally, are constitutive principles of agency, and that in the course of constituting our agency, we also constitute our own identities. Forthcoming in Chinese.

Available on the web through Oxford Scholarship Online

Table of Contents:
1. Agency and Identity
2. The Metaphysics of Normativity
3. Formal and Substantive Principles of Reason
4. Pracatical Reason and the Unity of the Will
5. Autonomy and Efficacy
6. Expulsion from the Garden: The Transition to Humanity
7. The Constitutional Model
8. Defective Action
9. Integrity and Interaction
10. How to be a Person

The Constitution of Agency
Oxford University Press, 2008.
A collection of papers, mostly published between 1996 and 2005.

Available on the web through Oxford Scholarship Online

Table of Contents:

Introduction [Abstract]

Part One: The Principles of Practical Reason
1. The Normativity of Instrumental Reason [Abstract]
2. The Myth of Egoism [Abstract]
3. Self-Constitution in the Ethics of Plato and Kant [Abstract]

Part Two: Moral Virtue and Moral Psychology
4. Aristotle's Function Argument [Abstract]

5. Aristotle on Function and Virtue [Abstract]
6. From Duty and for the Sake of the Noble: Kant and Aristotle on Morally Good Action [Abstract]
7. Acting for a Reason [Abstract]

Part Three: Other Reflections
8. Taking the Law into Our Own Hands: Kant on the Right to Revolution [Abstract]
9. The General Point of View: Love and Moral Approval in Hume's Ethics [Abstract]
10. Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth Century Moral Philosophy [Abstract]

The Sources of Normativity
Cambridge University Press, 1996

An expanded version of my 1992 Tanner Lectures

In these lectures I identify four accounts of the normativity of moral obligation which have been advocated by modern moral philosophers. I trace their history, showing how each developed in response to the prior one, and compare earlier versions with those on the contemporary philosophical scene. Kant's theory that normativity springs from our own autonomy emerges as a synthesis of the other three, and in the latter part of the lectures I conclude with my own modified version of the Kantian account. The lectures are followed by commentary from G. A. Cohen, Raymond Geuss, Thomas Nagel, and Bernard Williams, and a reply by me. Also available in Spanish, Japanese, Chinese, Korea, and Italian.


Available on the web through Cambridge Books Online.

Creating the Kingdom of Ends
Cambridge University Press, 1996

A collection of previously published papers on Kant's moral philosophy and Kantian approaches to issues in contemporary moral philosophy. Also vailable in Korean, and Spanish, and Chinese.

Table of Contents:

Part One: Kant's Moral Philosophy
1. An Introduction to the Ethical, Political, and Religious Thought of Kant [Abstract]
2. Kant's Analysis of Obligation: The Argument of Groundwork I [Abstract]
3. Kant's Formula of Universal Law [Abstract]
4. Kant's Formula of Humanity [Abstract]
5. The Right to Lie: Kant on Dealing with Evil [Abstract]
6. Morality as Freedom [Abstract]
7. Creating the Kingdom of Ends: Reciprocity and Responsibility in Personal Relations [Abstract]

Part Two: Comparative Essays
8. Aristotle and Kant on the Source of Value [Abstract]
9. Two Distinctions in Goodness [Abstract]
10. The Reasons We Can Share: An Attack on the Distinction Between Agent-Relative and Agent Neutral Values. [Abstract]
11. Skepticism about Practical Reason [Abstract]
12. Two Arguments Against Lying [Abstract]
13. Personal Identity and the Unity of Agency: A Kantian Response to Parfit [Abstract]

Available on the web through Cambridge Books Online.

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