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World Politics 48.2 (1996) 160

The New Politics of the Welfare State

Paul Pierson


Table 4
Government Outlays by Function as % of Trend GDPA a
(1979-90)

Britain Germany Sweden United States
1979 1990 1979-90 1979 1990 1979-90 1979 1990 1979-90 1979 1989 1979-89
Total 44.9 43.2 -1.7 49.9 45.8 -4.1 63.2 61.4 -1.8 33.2 36.9 +3.6
Public goodsb 9.5 9.7 +0.1 10.0 9.2 -0.8 10.5 8.8 -1.7 8.2 9.3 +1.1
Merit goods 13.6 12.2 -1.4 12.3 10.9 -1.4 15.9 13.4 -2.6 6.1 6.0 -0.1
Education 5.5 5.0 -0.5 5.2 4.2 -1.0 6.6 5.6 -1.0 4.7 4.7 -0.0
Healthc 4.8 5.1 +0.3 6.3 6.0 -0.3 8.1 6.9 -1.1 0.9 0.9 -0.0
Housing and other 3.4 2.1 -1.2 0.8 0.7 -0.1 1.2 0.8 -0.4 0.5 0.4 -0.1
Income Trans. 12.5 13.4 +0.9 20.2 18.5 -1.7 24.6 26.8 +2.2 11.2 11.9 +0.7
Pensions 6.7 6.5 -0.2 12.7 11.2 -1.5 11.0 11.5 +0.4 6.9 7.0 +0.1
Sickness 0.4 0.3 -0.1 0.8 0.7 -0.1 3.4 4.5 +1.2 0.1 0.2 +0.1
Family allow. 1.7 1.6 -0.0 1.2 0.8 -0.4 1.6 1.3 -0.3 0.4 0.4 -0.0
Unemployment 0.7 0.6 -0.1 0.9 1.3 +0.4 0.4 0.5 +0.1 0.4 0.3 -0.1
Other income supports 0.1 0.8 +0.7 1.3 1.6 +0.3 0.1 0.2 +0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Admin. and other spend. 1.4 1.6 +0.3 2.6 2.4 -0.2 4.9 5.2 +0.3 0.6 0.6 -0.0
Add. transfer 1.4 1.8 +0.5 0.5 0.4 -0.1 3.2 3.7 +0.6 2.7 3.5 +0.8
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Tables: The New Politics of the Welfare State

[ Table 1] [ Table 2] [ Table 3] [ Table 4]

 

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