Robert Weiner, review of Israeli-Romanian Relations at the End of the Ceausescu Era: as observed by Israel's Ambassador to Romania,
1985-1989, Journal of Cold
War Studies, Volume 6, Number 2 (Spring 2004).
Editor's Note, by Mark Kramer
On the first point raised by Ambassador Govrin, the documentary evidence from the Romanian archives (which I cited in an article in the April 1998 issue of the Journal of Contemporary History) leaves no doubt that the Romanian authorities, led by Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej and Nicolae Ceausescu, were vehemently supportive of the invasion of Hungary in 1956. From the start, they urged the Soviet Union to crack down harshly and were eager to have Romanian troops take part in the invasion. In the end, however, Soviet leaders decided (no doubt wisely) to rely solely on Soviet forces. Ambassador Govrin writes that, in later years, Ceausescu "publicly condemned the Soviet invasion of Hungary," but I know of no such public condemnation (or even a private condemnation). On the contrary, to the best of my knowledge, Ceausescu remained convinced that the 1956 invasion of Hungary had been "necessary and correct" (a phrase he often used when describing the invasion).