CURRICULUM VITAE

 

Personal Information

Address:
Museum of Comparative Zoology
Harvard University
26 Oxford St.
Cambridge, MA 02138

Phone/email:
(617) 496-9205 (Direct line)
(617) 496-7199 (Lab line)

Email:
GLauder@oeb.harvard.edu

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Education

1979 Ph.D. (Biology). Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
1978 M.A. (Biology). Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
1976 A.B. (Biology). Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

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Appointments

2000 present. Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University

1999 - present. Professor of Organismal and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University

1990 - 1999. Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine.

1987 - 1996. Associate Dean for Graduate Studies, School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine.

1986 - 1990. Associate Professor, University of California, Irvine.

1981 - 1986. Assistant and Associate Professor of Anatomy, The College, and the Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago.

1979 - 1981. Junior Fellow in the Society of Fellows, Harvard University.

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Awards

1981 - 1982. Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellow.

1979 - 1982. Elected to the Society of Fellows, Harvard University, for a three year term as a Junior Fellow.

1977. D. Dwight Davis Prize for best student paper in Vertebrate Morphology, American Society of Zoologists.

1976. Phi Beta Kappa A.B. (Biology) awarded Summa Cum Laude. NIH Predoctoral Fellow in Musculoskeletal Biology, awarded for three years.

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Research Interests

Functional morphology, biomechanics, and evolution of vertebrates

Systematics; phylogeny construction; historical analysis

Experimental and conceptual approaches to the analysis of form in organisms

Experimental hydrodynamics of locomotion

Physiology of the musculoskeletal system

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Professional Societies

American Association for the Advancement of Science (Fellow)

Society for Neuroscience

American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists

Society of Systematic Biology

Society for the Study of Evolution

Society for Experimental Biology

Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology

Society of Vertebrate Paleontology

Sigma Xi

Zoological Society of London (Scientific Fellow)

Linnean Society of London (Fellow)

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Recent Editorial and Professional Appointments

Editorial Board, Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. 2002 to present

Editorial Board, Journal of Morphology. 1997 to present.

President, Division of Vertebrate Morphology, American Society of Zoologists. 1991 to 1993.

Editorial Board, Journal of Experimental Biology. 1990 to present.

North American Editor, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society of London. 1985 to 1990.

Editorial Board, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society of London. 1984 to 1990.

Board of Governors, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. 1985 - 1990.

Council Member, 1988-1990. Society for the Study of Evolution.

Member of The Council, Class of 1987, Society of Systematic Zoology.

Special Editor, Evolution. Society for the Study of Evolution, 1991 - 1995.

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Recent Grants

2009-2012.  ONR 204087-3667-H. Neuromechanics of Fish Pectoral Fin Sensory and Motor Control Systems as a Model for Controlling Agile, Autonomous Undersea Vehicles (co-PI).

2009-2011. NSF CDI 0941674. Cyber-Enabled Discovery in Neuromechanical Systems (co-PI).

2009-2013. NSF EFRI 478174-19838. Multifunctional materials exhibiting distributed actuation, sensing, and control: uncovering the hierarchical control of fish for developing smarter materials (co-PI).

2009-2010. ONR SBIR N09-143-0240. Bioinspired High-Performance Hydrofoils (Biofoils) for Future Naval Vehicles.  With Innovative Technology Applications Co.

2009-2010. ONR SBIR N09-143-0558. Maneuver for Advanced Naval Extreme Unsteady Condition Vessel Enabling Research.  With Boston Engineering Corporation.

2003 – 2008.  Office of Naval Research N000140310897.  “Development of an Integrated Artificial Muscle, High-Lift, Bio-Hydrodynamic Mechanism for Biorobotic Autonomous Undersea Vehicles.” (co-PI).

2002 – 2005.  NSF DBI-0301649.  “A volumetric imaging system for reconstruction of macroscopic fluid flows in organismic biology.”

2003 – 2006. NSF IBN-0316675.  “Experimental hydrodynamics and evolution: function of median fins in ray-finned fishes.”

2001 – 2003. NSF IBN-0090896.  “Experimental hydrodynamics and evolution: locomotor design and function of pectoral fins in fishes.”

 

Publications

1979. Lauder, G. V. Feeding mechanisms in primitive teleosts and in the halecomorph fish Amia calva. J. Zool., Lond. 187:543-578.

1979. Lauder, G. V. "Review of Anatomie de Latimeria chalumnae, Tome III. Copeia 1979:560-562.

1980. Lauder, G. V. and L. E. Lanyon. Functional anatomy of feeding in the bluegill sunfish Lepomis macrochirus: in vivo measurement of bone strain. J. exp. Biol. 84:33-55.

1980. Lauder, G. V. and S. F. Norton. Asymmetrical muscle activity during feeding in the gar, Lepisosteus oculatus. J. exp. Biol. 84:17-32.

1980. Lauder, G. V. and K. F. Liem. The feeding mechanism and cephalic myology of Salvelinus fontinalis: form, function, and evolutionary significance. Chapter 10, In: Charrs: Salmonid fishes of the genus Salvelinus. E.K. Balon, Ed. Junk Publishers, The Netherlands.

1980. Lauder, G. V. The role of the hyoid apparatus in the feeding mechanism of the living coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae. Copeia1980:1-9.

1980. Lauder, G. V. Evolution of the feeding mechanism in primitive actinopterygian fishes: a functional anatomical analysis of Polypterus, Lepisosteus, and Amia. J. Morphol. 163:283-317.

1980. Lauder, G. V. On the evolution of the jaw adductor musculature in primitive gnathostome fishes. Breviora, 473:1-9.

1980. Lauder, G. V. Hydrodynamics of prey capture in teleost fishes. In: Biofluid Mechanics, Volume II, pp. 16l-181. D. Schenck, Ed. Plenum Press, New York.

1980. Lauder, G. V. On the relationship of the myotome to the axial skeleton in vertebrate evolution. Paleobiology 6:51-56.

1980. Lauder, G. V. The suction feeding mechanism in sunfishes (Lepomis): an experimental analysis. J. exp. Biol. 88:49-72.

1980. Lauder, G. V. Review of "The Biology and Physiology of the Living Coelacanth." Copeia1980:942-944.

1980. Fink, W. L. and G. V. Lauder. Review of "Biology of the Cyclostomes." Copeia 1980:948-949.

1981. Lauder, G. V. Intraspecific functional repertoires in the feeding mechanism of the characoid fishes Lebiasina, Hoplias, and Chalceus. Copeia 1981:154-168.

1981. Sponder, D. and G. V. Lauder. Terrestrial feeding in the mudskipper, Periophthalmus: a cineradiographic analysis. J. Zool., Lond. 193:517-530.

1981. Lauder, G. V. Form and function: structural analysis in evolutionary morphology. Paleobiology 7:430-442. '

1981. Rand, D. M. and G. V. Lauder. Prey capture in the chain pickerel Esox niger: correlations between feeding and locomotor behavior. Can. J. Zool. 59:1072-1078.

1981. Lauder, G. V. and K. F. Liem. Prey capture by Luciocephalus pulcher: implications for models of jaw protrusion in teleost fishes. Env. Biol. Fish. 6:257-268.

1981. Greenwood, P. H. and G. V. Lauder. The protractor pectoralis muscle and the classification of teleost fishes. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. 41:213-234.

1981. Lauder, G. V. Edward Phelps Allis: discovery of his anatomical illustrations. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 16:285-291.

1982. Lauder, G. V. Patterns of evolution in the feeding mechanism of actinopterygian fishes. Amer. Zool. 22:275-285.

1982. Lauder, G. V. and K. F. Liem. Symposium summary: evolutionary patterns in actinopterygian fishes. Amer. Zool. 22:343-345.

1982. Lauder, G. V. Historical biology and the problem of design. J. Theor. Biol. 97:57-67.

1982. Lauder, G. V. Review of "Lungfishes, tetrapods, paleontology and plesiomorphy" by D.E. Rosen, P.L. Forey, C. Patterson and B. Gardiner. Copeia 1982:235-237.

1982. Lauder, G. V. Introduction to a reprint of Form and Function, a contribution to the history of animal morphology (1916), by E.S. Russell. pp. xi-xlv, The University of Chicago Press.

1982. Lauder G. V. Historical biology. Review of "Problems of phylogenetic reconstruction." Science 218:781-782.

1982. Lauder, G. V. Structure and function of the caudal skeleton in the pumpkinseed sunfish, Lepomis gibbosus. J. Zool., Lond. 197:483-495.

1983. Lauder, G. V. Functional design and evolution of the pharyngeal jaw apparatus in euteleostean fishes. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 77:1-38.

1983. Lauder, G. V. and K. F. Liem. Patterns of diversity and evolution in ray-finned fishes. Chapter 1, pp. 1-14. In: Fish Neurobiology. Volume 1: Brain Stem and Sense Organs. R. Davis and R. G. Northcutt, Eds. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.

1983. Lauder, G. V. and K. F. Liem. The evolution and interrelationships of the actinopterygian fishes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 150:95-197.

1983. Lauder, G. V. Neuromuscular patterns and the origin of trophic specialization in fishes. Science 219:1235-1237.

1983. Lauder, G. V. Functional and morphological bases of trophic specialization in sunfishes (Teleostei: Centrarchidae). J. Morphol. 178:1-21.

1983. Lauder, G. V. Food capture. Chapter 9, pp. 280-311. In: Fish Biomechanics, P.W. Webb and D. Weihs, Eds. Praeger Publishing Company, New York.

1983. Lauder, G. V. Prey capture hydrodynamics in fishes: experimental tests of two models. J. exp. Biol. 104:1-13.

1984. Lauder, G. V. Review of "Fish Locomotion" by R.W. Blake. BioScience 34:592.

1984. Lauder, G. V. Pressure and water flow patterns in the respiratory tract of the bass (Micropterus salmoides). J. exp. Biol. 113:151-164.

1984. Lauder, G. V. and B. D. Clark. Water flow patterns during prey capture by teleost fishes. J. exp. Biol. 113:143-150.

1985. Shaffer, H. B. and G. V. Lauder. Patterns of variation in aquatic ambystomatid salamanders: kinematics of the feeding mechanism. Evolution 39:83-92.

1985. Lauder, G. V. Aquatic feeding in lower vertebrates. Chapter 12, Pp. 210-229, In: Functional Vertebrate Morphology, M. Hildebrand, D. M. Bramble, K. F. Liem, and D. Wake, Eds. Harvard University Press.

1985. Shaffer, H. B. and G. V. Lauder. Aquatic prey capture in ambystomatid salamanders: patterns of variation in muscle activity. J. Morphol. 183:273-284.

1985. Lauder, G. V. and H. B. Shaffer. Functional morphology of the feeding mechanism in aquatic ambystomatid salamanders. J. Morphol. 185:297-326.

1985. Lauder, G. V. Functional morphology of the feeding mechanism in lower vertebrates. pp. 179-188 In: Functional Morphology in Vertebrates, H.-R. Duncker and G. Fleischer, Eds. Gustav Fischer Verlag, New York.

1986. Feder, M. and G. V. Lauder. (Eds.) Predator-prey Relationships: Perspectives and Approaches from the Study of Lower Vertebrates. University of Chicago Press: Chicago. Includes: G. V. Lauder and M. E. Feder, Introduction, pp. 1-5. M. E. Feder and G. V. Lauder, Commentary and Conclusion, pp. 180-189.

1986. Bemis, W. E. and G. V. Lauder. Morphology and function of the feeding apparatus of the lungfish, Lepidosiren paradoxa (Dipnoi). J. Morphol. 187:81-108.

1986. Lauder, G. V. Homology, analogy, and the evolution of behavior. Chapter 1, pp. 9-40 In: The Evolution of Behavior, M. Nitecki and J. Kitchell, Eds. Oxford University Press.

1986. Wainwright, P. and G. V. Lauder. Feeding biology of sunfishes: patterns of variation in prey capture. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. 88:217-228.

1986. Lauder, G. V. and H. B. Shaffer. Functional design of the feeding mechanism in lower vertebrates: unidirectional and bidirectional flow systems in the tiger salamander. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. 88:277-290.

1986. Lauder, G. V., P. C. Wainwright, and E. Findeis. Physiological mechanisms of aquatic prey capture in sunfishes: functional determinants of buccal pressure changes. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 84A:729-734.

1986. Lauder, G. V. Aquatic prey capture in fishes: experimental and theoretical approaches. J. exp. Biol. 125:411-416.

1986. Schaefer, S. A. and G. V. Lauder. Historical transformation of functional design: evolutionary morphology of the feeding mechanism in loricarioid catfishes. Syst. Zool. 35:489-508.

1988. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. Ontogeny of aquatic feeding performance in the eastern newt, Notophthalmus viridescens (Salamandridae). Copeia 1988:87-91.

1988. Lauder, G. V. and S. M. Reilly. Functional design of the feeding mechanism in salamanders: causal bases of ontogenetic changes in function. J. exp. Biol. 134:219-233.

1988. Lauder, G. V. Vertebrate Phylogeny: Review of "The Biology and Evolution of Lungfishes" by W. E. Bemis et al. Science 239: 1547-1548.

1988. Lauder, G. V. Review of "Phylogenetic Reconstruction in paleontology" by R. M. Schoch. Amer. Sci. 76:202.

1988. Lauder, G. V. Review of "Functional Anatomy of the Vertebrates: an evolutionary perspective" by W. F. Walker. Quart. Rev. Biol. 63:102.

1988. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. Atavisms and the homology of hyobranchial elements in lower vertebrates. J. Morphol. 195:237-245.

1988. Lauder, G. V. and H. B. Shaffer. The ontogeny of functional design in tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum): are motor patterns conserved during major morphological transformations? J. Morphol. 197:249-268.

1988. Lauder, G. V. Phylogeny and physiology. Review of "Evolutionary Biology of Primitive Fishes" by R. E. Foreman et al. Evolution 42:1113-1114.

1988. Shaffer, H. B. and G. V. Lauder. The ontogeny of functional design: metamorphosis of feeding behavior in the tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum). J. Zool., Lond. 216:437-454.

1989. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. Physiological bases of feeding behavior in salamanders: do motor patterns vary with prey type? J. Exp. Biol. 141:343-358.

1989. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. Kinetics of tongue projection in Ambystoma tigrinum: quantitative kinematics, muscle function, and evolutionary hypotheses. J. Morphol. 199:223-243.

1989. Lauder, G. V. Caudal fin locomotion in ray-finned fishes: historical and functional analyses. Amer. Zool. 29:85-102.

1989. Lauder, G. V. Review of "Genetics, Paleontology, and Macroevolution" by J. Levinton. J. Vert. Paleo. 9:122-123.

1989. Lauder, G. V. and K. F. Liem. The role of historical factors in the evolution of complex organismal functions. Pp 63-78, In: Complex Organismal Functions: Integration and Evolution in Vertebrates. D. B. Wake and G. Roth, Eds. Dahlem Konferenzen. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.

1989. Lauder, G. V. et al.. How are feeding systems integrated and how have evolutionary innovations been introduced? Group Report #1. pp 97-115, In: Complex Organismal Functions: Integration and Evolution in Vertebrates. D. B. Wake and G. Roth, Eds. Dahlem Konferenzen. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.

1989. Sanford, C. P. J. and G. V. Lauder. Functional morphology of the `tongue-bite' in the osteoglossomorph fish Notopterus. J. Morphol. 202:379-408.

1989. Lauder, G. V. Review of "Neural Control of Rhythmic Movements in Vertebrates." Brain Behav. Evol. 34:327-328.

1989. Wainwright, P. C., C. P. Sanford, S. M. Reilly, and G. V. Lauder. Evolution of motor patterns: aquatic feeding in salamanders and ray-finned fishes. Brain Behav. Evol. 34:329-341.

1990. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. Metamorphosis of cranial design in tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum): a morphometric analysis of ontogenetic change. J. Morphol. 204:121-137.

1990. Lauder, G. V. Functional morphology and systematics: studying functional patterns in an historical context. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 21:317-340.

1990. Jayne, B. C., A. F. Bennett, and G. V. Lauder. Muscle recruitment during terrestrial locomotion: how speed and temperature affect fibre type use in a lizard. J. Exp. Biol. 152:101-128.

1990. Lauder, G. V. and S. M. Reilly. Metamorphosis of the feeding mechanism in tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum): the ontogeny of cranial muscle mass. J. Zool., Lond. 222:59-74.

1990. Sanford, C. P. J. and G. V. Lauder. Kinematics of the tongue-bite apparatus in osteoglossomorph fishes. J. Exp. Biol. 154:137-162.

1990. Jayne, B. C., G. V. Lauder, S. M. Reilly, P. C. Wainwright. The effect of sampling rate on the analysis of digital electromyograms from vertebrate muscle. J. Exp. Biol. 154:557-565.

1990. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. The evolution of tetrapod prey transport behavior: kinematic homologies in feeding function. Evolution 44:1542-1557.

1990. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. The strike of the tiger salamander: quantitative electromyography and muscle function during prey capture. J. Comp. Physiol. A 167:827-839.

1991. Lauder, G. V. Review of "Evolutionary Innovations." Trends in Ecol. Evol. 6:33-34.

1991. Ashley, M., S. M. Reilly, and G. V. Lauder. Ontogenetic scaling of hindlimb muscles across metamorphosis in the tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum. Copeia 1991:767-776.

1991. Lauder, G. V. An evolutionary perspective on the concept of efficiency: how does function evolve? pp. 169-184, In: Efficiency and Economy in Animal Physiology. R. W. Blake, Ed. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

1991. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. Experimental morphology of the feeding mechanism in salamanders. J. Morphol. 210:33-44.

1991. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. Prey transport in the tiger salamander: quantitative electromyography and muscle function in tetrapods. J. Exp. Zoology. 260:1-17.

1991. Wainwright, P. C., G. V. Lauder, C. W. Osenberg, and G. G. Mittelbach. The functional basis of intraspecific trophic diversification in sunfishes. In, The Unity of Evolutionary Biology, E. C. Dudley, Ed. Portland: Dioscorides Press.

1991. Lauder, G. V. Biomechanics and evolution: integrating physical and historical biology in the study of complex systems. Chapter 1, pp 1-19 In: Biomechanics in Evolution, J. M. V. Rayner and R. J. Wootton, Eds. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

1992. Lauder, G. V. and T. Prendergast. Kinematics of aquatic prey capture in the snapping turtle, Chelydra serpentina. J. Exp. Biol. 164:55-78.

1992. Reilly, S. M., G. V. Lauder, J. P. Collins. Performance effects of a trophic polymorphism: feeding behavior in typical and cannibal morphs of Ambystoma tigrinum. Copeia 1992(3):672-679.

1992. Reilly, S. M. and G. V. Lauder. Morphology, behavior, and evolution: comparative kinematics of aquatic feeding in salamanders. Brain, Behavior, and Evolution 40:182-196.

1992. Wainwright, P. C. and G. V. Lauder. The evolution of feeding biology in sunfishes (Centrarchidae). pp. 472-491, In: Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes. R. L. Mayden, Ed. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press.

1992. Lauder, G. V. and P. C. Wainwright. Function and history: the pharyngeal jaw apparatus in primitive ray-finned fishes. pp. 455-471, In: Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes. R. L. Mayden, Ed. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press.

1993. Lauder, G. V. and H. B. Shaffer. Design of feeding systems in aquatic vertebrates: major patterns and their evolutionary interpretations. Chapter 3 In: The Vertebrate Skull, Vol. 3: functional and evolutionary mechanisms, pp 113-149. J. Hanken and B. K. Hall, Eds. Univ. of Chicago Press.

1993. Lauder, G. V., A. Leroi, and M. R. Rose. Adaptations and history. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8: 294-297.

1993. Lauder, G. V. Review of Environmental Physiology of the Amphibians, Martin E. Feder and W. W. Burggren (Eds). Quarterly Review of Biology 68:440-441.

1993. Jayne, B. C. and G. V. Lauder. Red and white muscle activity and kinematics of the escape response of the bluegill sunfish during swimming. J. Comparative Physiology A 173:495-508.

1994. Lauder, G. V. and S. M. Reilly. Amphibian feeding behavior: comparative biomechanics and evolution. pp. 163-195, In: Biomechanics of Feeding in Vertebrates: Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology, Vol. 18; V. Bels, M. Chardon, and P. Vandewalle (Eds.). Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

1994. Gillis, G. and G. V. Lauder. Aquatic prey transport and the comparative kinematics of Ambystoma tigrinum feeding behaviors. J. Exp. Biol. 187:159-179.

1994. Lauder, G. V. Homology, form, and function. pp. 151 - 196, In: Homology: the hierarchical basis of comparative biology. B. Hall, Ed. Academic Press: New York.

1994. Leroi, A. M., Rose, M. R., and G. V. Lauder. What does the comparative method reveal about adaptation? American Naturalist 143:381-402.

1994. Gibb, A., Jayne, B. C., and G. V. Lauder. Kinematics of pectoral fin locomotion in the bluegill sunfish Lepomis macrochirus. J. Exp. Biol. 189:133-161.

1994. Jayne, B. C. and G. V. Lauder. Comparative morphology of the myomeres and axial skeleton in four genera of centrarchid fishes. J. Morphol. 220:185-205.

1994. Jayne, B. C. and G. V. Lauder. How swimming fish use slow and fast muscle fibers: implications for models of vertebrate muscle recruitment. J. Comp. Physiol. A. 175:123-131.

1994. Johnson, T. P., Syme, D. A, Jayne, B. C., Lauder, G. V. and Bennett, A. F. Modeling red muscle power output during steady and unsteady swimming in largemouth bass. American Journal of Physiology 267:R481-R488.

1994. Amundson, R. and G. V. Lauder. Function without purpose: uses of causal role function in evolutionary biology. Biology and Philosophy 9:443-469.

1995. Lauder, G. V. On the inference of function from structure. pp. 1-18, In: Functional Morphology in Vertebrate Paleontology. J. J. Thomason (Ed). Cambridge Univ. Press: Cambridge.

1995. Jayne, B. C. and G. V. Lauder. Speed effects on midline kinematics during steady undulatory swimming of largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides. J. Exp. Biol. 198:585-602.

1995. Lauder, G. V. A model of variability. Review of "The Evolutionary Biology of the Threespine Stickleback," M. A. Bell and S. A Foster eds. Science 267:1192.

1995. Gillis, G. B. and G. V. Lauder. Kinematics of feeding in bluegill sunfish: is there a general distinction between aquatic capture and transport behaviors? J. Exp. Biol. 198:709-720.

1995. Jayne, B. C. and G. V. Lauder. Are muscle fibers within fish myotomes activated synchronously? Patterns of recruitment within deep myomeric musculature during swimming in largemouth bass. J. Exp. Biol. 198: 805-815.

1995. Lauder, G. V. Metazoan Transitions. Review of "Invasions of the Land. The transitions of organisms from aquatic to terrestrial life," M. Gordon and E. C. Olson eds. Science 268:1208.

1995. Jayne, B. C. and G. V. Lauder. Red muscle motor patterns during steady swimming in largemouth bass: effects of speed and correlations with axial kinematics. J. Exp. Biol. 198: 1575-1597.

1995. Lauder, G. V., Huey, R. B., R. K. Monson, and R. Jensen. Systematics and the study of organismal form and function. BioScience 45: 696-704.

1996. Lauder, G. V. The Rise of Fishes. Review of "The Rise of Fishes" by J. H. Long. Science 271:309-310. 1996. Lauder, G. V. and S. M. Reilly. The mechanistic bases of behavioral evolution: a multivariate analysis of musculoskeletal function. pp. 104-137, In: E. Martins, Ed. Phylogenies and the Comparative Method in Animal Behavior. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

1996. Jayne, B. C., Lozada, A., and G. V. Lauder. Function of the dorsal fin in bluegill sunfish: motor patterns during four locomotor behaviors. J. Morph. 228:307-326.

1996. Schaefer, S. A. and G. V. Lauder. Testing historical hypotheses of morphological change: biomechanical decoupling in loricaroid catfishes. Evolution 50:1661-1675.

1996. Rose, M. and G. V. Lauder. Post-spandrel adaptationism. Pp. 1-8 In: Adaptation. M. R. Rose and G. V. Lauder, eds. San Diego: Academic Press.

1996. Lauder, G. V. The argument from design. Pp. 55-91 In: Adaptation. M. R. Rose and G. V. Lauder, eds. San Diego: Academic Press.

1996. M. R. Rose and G. V. Lauder, eds. Adaptation. San Diego: Academic Press.

1996. Ferry, L. and G. V. Lauder. Heterocercal tail function in leopard sharks: a three-dimensional kinematic analysis of two models. J. Exp. Biol. 199: 2253-2268.

1996. Jayne, B. C. and G. V. Lauder. New data on axial locomotion in fishes: how speed affects diversity of kinematics and motor patterns. Amer. Zool. 36: 642-655.

1996. Lauder, G. V. and B. C. Jayne. Pectoral fin locomotion in fishes: testing drag-based models using three-dimensional kinematics. Amer. Zool. 36: 567-581.

1996. Lauder, G. V. and J. H. Long. Aquatic locomotion: new approaches to invertebrate and vertebrate biomechanics. Amer. Zool. 36: 535-536.

1997. Lauder, G. V. and G. B. Gillis. Origin of the amniote feeding mechanism: experimental analyses of outgroup clades. In, Amniote Origins: completing the transition to land. S. Sumida and K. Martin , eds. San Diego: Academic Press.

1997. Lauder, G. V. Evolutionary Transformations. Review of "Early Vertebrates," by P. Janvier. Science 276: 46.

1997. Lauder, G. V. Interrelationships of Fishes. Review of "Interrelationships of Fishes," M. L. J. Stiassny, L. R. Parenti, and G. D. Johnson eds.. American Zoologist 37: 325.

1997. Lauder, G. V. Review of "Fish Morphology: horizon of new research," J. S. Datta Munshi and H. M. Dutta, eds. Copeia

1997: 642-643. 1997. Ashley-Ross, M. A. and G. V. Lauder. Motor patterns and kinematics during backward walking in the Pacific Giant Salamander: evidence for novel motor output. J. Neurophysiol. 78: 3047-3060.

1998. Allen, C. , Bekoff, M., and G. V. Lauder (eds). Nature's Purposes: Analyses of Function and Design in Biology. MIT Press, Cambridge.

1998. Allen, C. , Bekoff, M., and G. V. Lauder. Introduction. Pp. 1-25, In: Nature's Purposes: Analyses of Function and Design in Biology

1999. Review of A Comprehensive Phylogenetic Study of Amiid Fishes (Amiidae) Based on Comparative Skeletal Anatomy. An Empirical Search for Interconnected patterns of Natural History. By Lance Grande and William E. Bemis.

1999. Lauder, G. V. Review of A Comprehensive Phylogenetic Study of Amiid Fishes (Amiidae) Based on Comparative Skeletal Anatomy. An Empirical Search for Interconnected patterns of Natural History. By Lance Grande and William E. Bemis. 1998. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Memoir, supplement to Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Vol. 18. Quarterly Review of Biology 74:94.

1999. Drucker, E. G. and G. V. Lauder. Locomotor forces on a swimming fish: three-dimensional vortex wake dynamics quantified using digital particle image velocimetry. J. Exp. Biol. 202: 2393-2412.

1999. Wilga, C. D. and G. V. Lauder. Locomotion in sturgeon: function of the pectoral fins. J. Exp. Biol. 202: 2413-2432.

1999. Gibb, A. C., K. A. Dickson, and G. V. Lauder. Tail kinematics of the chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus: testing the homocercal tail model of fish propulsion. J. Exp. Biol. 202: 2433-2447.

2000. Lauder, G. V. Function of the caudal fin during locomotion in fishes: kinematics, flow visualization, and evolutionary patterns. Amer. Zool. 40: 101-122.

2000. Lauder, G. V. Biomechanics and behavior: analyzing the mechanistic basis of movement from an evolutionary perspective. Pp. 19 -32 In: P. Domenici and R. W. Blake (Eds), Biomechanics in Animal Behavior. Bios Scientific Publishers: Oxford.

2000. Nauen, J. C. and G. V. Lauder. Locomotion in scombrid fishes: morphology and kinematics of the finlets of the chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus. J. Exp. Biol. 203: 2247-2259.

2000. Wilga, C. D. and G. V. Lauder. Three-dimensional kinematics and wake structure of the pectoral fins during locomotion in leopard sharks, Triakis semifasciata. J. Exp. Biol. 203: 2261-2278.

2000. Drucker, E. G. and G. V. Lauder. A hydrodynamic analysis of fish swimming speed: wake structure and locomotor force in slow and fast labriform swimmers. J. Exp. Biol. 203: 2379-2393.

2000. Liao, J. and G. V. Lauder. Function of the heterocercal tail in white sturgeon: flow visualization during steady swimming and vertical maneuvering. J. Exp. Biol. 203: 3585-3594

2001. Drucker, E. G. and G. V. Lauder. Wake dynamics and fluid forces during turning maneuvers in sunfish. J. Exp. Biol. 204: 431-442.

2001. Nauen, J. C. and G. V. Lauder. Three-dimensional analysis of finlet kinematics in the chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus. Biol. Bull. 200:9-19.

2001. Ferry-Graham, L. and G. V. Lauder. Aquatic prey capture in ray-finned fishes: a century of progress and new directions. J. Morph. 248:99-119.

2001. Nauen, J. C. and G. V. Lauder. Locomotion in scombrid fishes: visualization of flow around the caudal peduncle and finlets of the chub mackerel Scomber japonicus. J. Exp. Biol. 204: 2251-2263.

2001. Lauder, G. V. Flight of the robofly (News and Views). Nature 412: 688-689.

2001. Wilga, C. D. and G. V. Lauder. Functional morphology of the pectoral fins in bamboo sharks, Chiloscyllium plagiosum: benthic versus pelagic station holding. J. Morphol. 249:195-209.

2001. Drucker, E.G. and Lauder, G.V. Locomotor function of the dorsal fin in teleost fishes: experimental analysis of wake forces in sunfish. J. Exp. Biol. 204: 2943-2958.

2002. Nauen, J. C. and G. V. Lauder. Hydrodynamics of caudal fin locomotion by chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus (Scombridae). J. Exp. Biol. 205: 17091724.

2002. Wilga, C. D. and G. V. Lauder. Function of the heterocercal tail in sharks: quantitative wake dynamics during steady horizontal swimming and vertical maneuvering. J. Exp. Biol. 205: 2365-2374.

2002. Drucker, E. G. and G. V. Lauder. Experimental hydrodynamics of fish locomotion: functional insights from wake visualization. Integ. Comp. Biol. 42: 243-257.

2002. Tytell, E. D. and G. V. Lauder.  The c-start escape response of Polypterus senegalus: bilateral muscle activity and variation during stage 1 and 2.  J. Exp. Biol. 205: 2591-2603.

2002. Nauen, J. C. and G. V. Lauder. Quantification of the wake of rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) using three-dimensional stereoscopic digital particle image velocimetry. J. Exp. Biol. 205: 32713279.

2002. Lauder, G. V. and E. G. Drucker. Forces, fishes, and fluids: hydrodynamic mechanisms of aquatic locomotion. News in Physiological Sciences 17:235-240.

2002. Drucker, E. G. and G. V. Lauder. Wake dynamics and locomotor function in fishes: interpreting evolutionary patterns in pectoral fin design. Integ. Comp. Biol. 42: 997-1008.

2002. Lauder, G. V., J. Nauen, and E. G. Drucker. Experimental hydrodynamics and evolution: function of median fins in ray-finned fishes. Integ. Comp. Biol. 42: 1009-1017.

2003. Lauder, G. V., Drucker, E. G., Nauen, J., Wilga, C. D. Experimental hydrodynamics and evolution: caudal fin locomotion in fishes. pp. 117-135, In: Vertebrate Biomechanics and Evolution. Bels, V., Gasc, J.-P, Casinos, A. (Eds.). Bios Scientific Publishers: Oxford.

2003. Lauder, G. V. The intellectual challenge of biomechanics and evolution. pp. 319-325, In: Vertebrate Biomechanics and Evolution. Bels, V., Gasc, J.-P, Casinos, A. (Eds.). Bios Scientific Publishers: Oxford.

2003. Drucker, E. G. and G. V. Lauder. Function of pectoral fins in rainbow trout: behavioral repertoire and hydrodynamic forces. J. Exp. Biol. 206:813-826.

2003. Liao, J. C., Beal, D. N., Lauder, G. V., Triantafyllou, M. S. The Karman gait: novel body kinematics of rainbow trout swimming in a vortex street. J. Exp. Biol. 206:1059-1073.

2003. Ferry-Graham, L., Wainwright, P. C., and G. V. Lauder. Quantification of flow during suction feeding in bluegill sunfish. Zoology 106: 159-168.

2003. Liao, J. C., D. N. Beal, G. V. Lauder, M. S. Triantafyllou. Fish exploiting vortices decrease muscle activity. Science 302: 1566-1569 (Also see cover photograph and accompanying Perspective article).

2004. Wilga, C. D. and G. V. Lauder. Biomechanics of locomotion in sharks, rays and chimeras. Pp. 139-164 in: Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives. Eds: J. C. Carrier, J. A. Musick, and M. R. Heithaus. CRC Press: Boca Raton.

2004. G. V. Lauder and E. D. Tytell. Three Gray classics on the biomechanics of animal movement. J. Exp. Biol. 207:1597-1599.

2004. Tytell, E. D. and G. V. Lauder. The hydrodynamics of eel swimming I. Wake structure. J. Exp. Biol. 207: 1825-1841.

2004. Wilga, C. D. and G. V. Lauder. Hydrodynamic function of the shark's tail. Nature 430: 850.

2004. Johansson, L. C., and G. V. Lauder. Hydrodynamics of surface swimming in Leopard frogs ( Rana pipiens ). J. Exp. Biol. 207: 3945-3958. (Note cover photograph also.)

2004. Lauder, G. V. and E. G. Drucker. Morphology and experimental hydrodynamics of fish fin control surfaces. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 29: 556-571.

2004. Hsieh, S. T. and G. V. Lauder. Running on water: three-dimensional force generation by basilisk lizards. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 101: 16784-16788.

2005. McHenry, M. J. and G. V. Lauder. The mechanical scaling of coasting in zebrafish ( Danio rerio ) . J. Exp. Biol. 208: 2289-2301.

2005. Standen, E. M. and G. V. Lauder. Dorsal and anal fin function in bluegill sunfish Lepomis macrochirus:
three-dimensional kinematics during propulsion and maneuvering. J. Exp. Biol. 208, 2753-2763

2005. Drucker, E. G. and G. V. Lauder. Locomotor function of the dorsal fin in rainbow trout: kinematic patterns and hydrodynamic forces. J. Exp. Biol. 208: 4479-4494. (Also note cover of this journal issue.)

2005. Lauder, G. V. Locomotion. Pp. 3-46, In: The Physiology of Fishes, Third Edition. D. H. Evans and J. B. Claiborne, Eds. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

2005. Higham, T. E., B. Malas, B. C. Jayne, and G. V. Lauder. Constraints on starting and stopping: behavior compensates for reduced pectoral fin area during braking of the bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus). J. Exp. Biol. 208: 4735-4746.

2006. Fish, F. E. and G. V. Lauder. Passive and active flow control by swimming fishes and mammals. Annual Rev. Fluid Mechanics 38: 193-224.

2006. Lauder, G. V. and E. D. Tytell. Hydrodynamics of undulatory propulsion. Pp 425-468, In: Shadwick, R. E. and G. V. Lauder. Eds. Fish Biomechanics. Volume 23 in Fish Physiology, series editors W. S. Hoar, D. R. Randall, and A. P. Farrell. Academic Press: San Diego.

2006. Shadwick, R. E. and G. V. Lauder. Eds. Fish Biomechanics. Volume 23 in Fish Physiology, series editors W. S. Hoar, D. R. Randall, and A. P. Farrell. Elsevier Academic Press: San Diego.

2006. Beal, D. N., Hover, F. S., Triantafyllou, M. S., Liao, J. and Lauder, G. V. Passive propulsion in vortex wakes. J. Fluid Mech. 549: 385 - 402.

2006. Bozkurttas, M., H. Dong, R. Mittal, P. Madden, G. V. Lauder. Hydrodynamic performance of deformable fish fins and flapping foils. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, AIAA 2006-1392:1-11.

2006. McHenry, M. J. and G. V. Lauder. Ontogeny of form and function: locomotor morphology and drag in zebrafish (Danio rerio). J. Morph. 267: 1099-1109.

2006. Lauder, G. V. and P. G. A. Madden. Learning from fish: kinematics and experimental hydrodynamics for roboticists. Internat. J. Automation Computing 4:325-335.

2006. Lauder, G. V., Madden, P. Mittal, R., Dong, H., Bozkurttas, M. Locomotion with flexible propulsors I: experimental analysis of pectoral fin swimming in sunfish. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 1: S25-S34.

2006. Mittal, R., Dong, H., Bozkurttas, M., Lauder, G. V., Madden, P. Locomotion with flexible propulsors II: computational analysis of pectoral fin swimming in sunfish. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 1: S35-S41.

2007. Nauwelaerts, S. N., C. Wilga, C. Sanford, G. V. Lauder. Hydrodynamics of prey capture in sharks: effects of substrate. Journal of the Royal Society of London Interface 4:341-345.

2007. Alben, S., Madden, P. G., Lauder, G. V. The mechanics of active fin-shape control in ray-finned fishes. Journal of the Royal Society of London Interface 4:243-256.

2007. Standen, E. M. and G. V. Lauder. Hydrodynamic function of dorsal and anal fins in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). Journal of Experimental Biology 210:325-339.

2007. Peng, J., J. O. Dabiri, P. G. Madden, and G. V. Lauder. Non-invasive measurement of instantaneous forces during aquatic locomotion: a case study of the bluegill sunfish pectoral fin. Journal of Experimental Biology 210: 685-698.

2007. Akhtar, I., R. Mittal, G. V. Lauder, E. G. Drucker. Hydrodynamics of a biologically inspired tandem flapping foil configuration. Theor. Comput. Fluid Dynamics 21:155-170.

2007. Lauder, G. V., E. J. Anderson, J. Tangorra and P.G.A. Madden. Fish biorobotics: kinematics and hydrodynamics of self-propulsion. Journal of Experimental Biology 210:2767-2780.

2007. Danos, N. and G.V. Lauder. The ontogeny of fin function during routine turns in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Journal of Experimental Biology 210:3374-3386.

2007. Lauder, G.V. and P.G.A. Madden. Fish locomotion: kinematics and hydrodynamics of flexible foil-like fins. Experiments in Fluids 43:641-653.

2007. Tangorra, J.L., S.N. Davidson, I.W. Hunter, P.G.A. Madden, G.V. Lauder, H. Dong, M. Bozkurttas and R. Mittal. The development of a biologically inspired propulsor for unmanned underwater vehicles. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 32: 533-550.

2008.  Tytell, E. D., E. M. Standen, and G. V. Lauder.  Escaping flatland: three-dimensional kinematics and hydrodynamics of median fins in fishes.  Journal of Experimental Biology 211:187-195.

2008.  Flammang, B. E. and G. V. Lauder.  Speed-dependent intrinsic caudal fin muscle recruitment during steady swimming in bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus.  Journal of Experimental Biology 211:587-589.

2008.  Lauder, G. V. and P. G. A. Madden.  Advances in comparative physiology from high-speed imaging of animal and fluid motion.  Annual Review of Physiology 70: 143-163.

2008.  Tangorra, J. L., G. V. Lauder, P. G. Madden, R. Mittal, M. Bozkurttas, I. W. Hunter.  A biorobotic flapping fin for propulsion and maneuvering.  International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Pasadena CA.

2008.  Bozkurttas, M., Tangorra, J., Lauder, G. V. and Mittal, R. (2008). Understanding the hydrodynamics of swimming: from fish fins to flexible propulsors for autonomous underwater vehicles. Advances in Science and Technology 58: 193-202.

2008.  Lauder, G. V.  Review of “Flow Phenomena in Nature, Volumes 1 and 2”.  Integr. Comp. Biol. 48:153.

2008.  Taft, Natasha, G. V Lauder, and P. G. M. Madden.  Functional regionalization of the pectoral fin of the benthic longhorn sculpin during station holding and swimming.  Journal of Zoology 276:159-167.

2008.  Nauwelaerts, S. N., C. Wilga, C. Sanford, G. V. Lauder.  Fluid dynamics of feeding in bamboo sharks.  Journal of Experimental Biology 211: 3095-3102.

2008. Tytell, E. D. and G. V. Lauder.  Hydrodynamics of the escape response in bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus.  Journal of Experimental Biology 211: 3359-3369.

2009.  Flammang, B. E. and G. V. Lauder.  Caudal fin shape modulation and control during acceleration, braking, and backing manuevers in bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus. Journal of Experimental Biology 212: 277-286.

2009. Bozkurttas, M., Mittal, R., Dong, H., Lauder, G. V., and Madden, P.  Low-dimensional models and performance scaling of a highly deformable fish pectoral fin.  Journal of Fluid Mechanics 631:311-342.

2010. Carlson, R. L. and G. V. Lauder. Living on the bottom: kinematics of benthic station-holding in darter fishes (Percidae: Etheostomatinae). Journal of Morphology 271:25-35. (Cover image)

2010. Gottlieb, J. R., Tangorra, J. L., Esposito, C. J., and G. V. Lauder. A biologically derived pectoral fin for yaw turn maneuvers. Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 7:41-55.

2010. Dong, H., Bozkurttas, M., Mittal, R., Madden, P., and Lauder, G. V. Computational modeling and analysis of the hydrodynamics of a highly deformable fish pectoral fin. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 645:345-373. (Cover image)

2010. Tytell, E. D., Borazjani, I., Sotiropoulos, F., Baker, T. V., Anderson, E. J., and Lauder, G. V. Disentangling the functional roles of morphology and motion in fish swimming. Integrative and Comparative Biology 50: 1140-1154.

2010. Phelan, C., J. L. Tangorra, G. V. Lauder, and M. Hale. A biorobotic model of the sunfish pectoral fin for investigations of fin sensorimotor control. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 5. DOI:10.1088/1748-3182/5/3/035003.

2010. Tangorra, J. L., G. V. Lauder, I. W. Hunter, R. Mittal, P. G. A. Madden, and M. Bozkurttas. The effect of fin ray flexural rigidity on the propulsive forces generated by a biorobotic fish pectoral fin. Journal of Experimental Biology 213:4043-4054.

2010. Rivera-Rivera, N. L., N. Martinez-Rivera, I. Torres-Vazquez, J. L. Serrano-Velez, G. V. Lauder, and E. Rosa-Molinar. A Male Poecillid’s Sexually Dimorphic Body Plan, Behavior, and Nervous System. Integrative and Comparative Biology 50: 1081-1090.

2011. Lauder, G. V. Swimming hydrodynamics: ten questions and the technical approaches needed to resolve them. Experiments in Fluids 51: 23-35.

2011. Carlson, R. L. and G. V. Lauder. Escaping the flow: boundary layer use by the darter Etheostoma tetrazonum (Percidae) during benthic station-holding. Journal of Experimental Biology 214: 1181-1193.

2011. Curet, O. M., N. A. Patankar, G. V. Lauder, and M. A. MacIver. Aquatic manoeuvering with counter-propagating waves: a novel locomotive strategy. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 8: 1041-1050. (Cover photo of this journal issue available.)

2011. Curet, O. M., Patankar, N. A., Lauder, G. V., and MacIver, M. A. Mechanical properties of a bio-inspired knifefish with an undulatory propulsor. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics 6: doi:10.1088/1748-3182/6/2/026004.

2011. Flammang, B. E., Lauder, G. V., Troolin, D. R., and Strand, T. Volumetric imaging of fish locomotion. Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0282.

2011. Flammang, B. E., G. V. Lauder, D. R. Troolin, and T. Strand. Volumetric imaging of shark tail hydrodynamics reveals a three-dimensional dual-ring vortex wake structure. Proc. Royal. Soc. London, doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.0489.

2011. Tangorra, J., C. Phelan, C. Esposito, and G. V. Lauder. Use of biorobotic models of highly deformable fins for studying the mechanics and control of fin forces in fishes. Integrative and Comparative Biology 51:176-189.

2011. Lauder G. V., Lim, J., Shelton, R., Witt, C., Anderson, E.J., and Tangorra, J. Robotic models for studying undulatory locomotion in fishes. Marine Technology Society Journal 45: 41-55.

2011. Ramakrishnan, S., Bozkurttas, M., Mittal, R., and Lauder, G. V. Thrust production in highly flexible pectoral fins: a computational dissection. Marine Technology Society Journal 45: 56-64.

2011. Tangorra, J. Gericke, T., and G. V. Lauder. Learning from the fins of ray-finned fish for propulsors of unmanned undersea vehicles. Marine Technology Society Journal 45: 65-73.

2011. Lauder, G. V., P. G. A. Madden, J. L. Tangorra, E. Anderson, and T. V. Baker. Bioinspiration from fish for smart material design and function. Smart Materials and Structures 20: 094014.

2012. Esposito, C. J., Tangorra, J. L., Flammang, B. E., and G. V. Lauder. A robotic fish caudal fin: effects of stiffness and motor program on locomotor performance. Journal of Experimental Biology 215: 56-67.

2012. Wilga, C. D., A. Maia, S. Nauwelaerts, and G. V. Lauder. Prey handling using whole body fluid dynamics in batoids. Zoology 115: 47-57.

2012. Borazjani, I., Sotiropoulos, F., Tytell, E. D., and G. V. Lauder. On the hydrodynamics of the bluegill sunfish c-start escape response: three-dimensional simulations and comparison with experimental data. Journal of Experimental Biology 215: 671-684.

2012. Oeffner, J. and G. V. Lauder. The hydrodynamic function of shark skin and two biomimetic applications. Journal of Experimental Biology 215: 785-795.

2012. Maia, A., Wilga, C. D., and G. V. Lauder. Biomechanics of locomotion in sharks, rays and chimeras. Chapter 5, pages 125-151. In: Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives, 2nd edition. Eds: J. C. Carrier, J. A. Musick, and M. R. Heithaus. CRC Press: Boca Raton.

 

Publications In Press:

2012. Danos, N. and G. V. Lauder. Challenging zebrafish escape responses by increasing water viscosity. Journal of Experimental Biology, in press.

2012. Alben, S., T. V. Baker, C. Witt, E. J. Anderson, and G. V. Lauder. Dynamics of freely swimming flexible foils. Physics of Fluids, in press.

2012. Chadwell, B. A., Standen, E. M., Lauder, G. V., and Ashley-Ross, M. A. Median fin function during the escape response of bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus). I: Fin-ray orientation and movement. Journal of Experimental Biology, in press.

2012. Chadwell, B. A., Standen, E. M., Lauder, G. V., and Ashley-Ross, M. A. Median fin function during the escape response of bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus). II: fin-ray curvature. Journal of Experimental Biology, in press.