Carolyn M. Eng

Departments of Human Evolutionary Biology and Organismic and Evolutionary Biology

Harvard University


I am broadly interested in the influence of elastic connective tissues on the energetics and mechanics of movement. Most muscles are intimately connected with planar connective tissues including aponeurosis and fascia and these tissues are continuous among limb segments. This continuity suggests an integrative role in locomotion, which can only be understood by studying the interaction of muscle and connective tissue at multiple hierarchical levels. Therefore, my research combines dissections with experimental animal models of muscle and connective tissue physiology to explore the function of connective tissues in vivo and create more accurate biomechanical models of movement.

Eng CM, Pancheri FQ, Lieberman DE, Biewener AA, Dorfmann L. Directional differences in the biaxial material properties of fascia lata and the implications for fascia function. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2014; 42(6):1224-1237. pdf

Pancheri FQ, Eng CM, Lieberman DE, Biewener AA, Dorfmann L. A constitutive description of the anisotropic response of the fascia lata. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 2014; 30: 306-323. pdf

Eng CM, Lieberman DE, Zink KD, Peters MA. Bite force and occlusal stress production in hominin evolution. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 2013; 151: 544-557. pdf

Mathewson MA, Kwan A, Eng CM, Lieber RL, Ward SR. Comparison of rotator cuff muscle architecture amoung humans and selected vertebrate species. Journal of Experimental Biology. pdf

Ward SR, Sarver JJ, Eng CM, Kwan A, Wuergler-Hauri CC, Perry SM, Williams GR, Soslowsky LJ, Lieber RL. Plasticity of muscle architecture after acute supraspinatus tear. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 2010; 40(11): 729-735. pdf

Eng CM, Ward SR, Vinyard CJ, Taylor AB. The morphology of the masticatory apparatus facilitates muscle force production at wide jaw gapes in tree-gouging common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Journal of Experimental Biology 2009; 212: 4040-4055. pdf

Taylor AB, Eng CM, Anapol F, and Vinyard CJ.  The functional correlates of jaw-muscle fiber architecture in tree-gouging and nongouging callitrichid monkeys.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 2009; 139(3): 353-367. pdf

Ward S, Eng CM, Smallwood LR, Lieber RL. Are Current Measurements of Lower Extremity Muscle Architecture Accurate? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 2009; 467: 1074-1082. pdf

Ward SR, Kim CW, Eng CM, Gottschalk LJ, Tomiya A, Garfin SR, Lieber RL. Architectural analysis and intraoperative measurements demonstrate the multifidus’ unique design for lumbar spine stability. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 2009; 91: 176-185. pdf

Eng CM, Smallwood LH, Rainiero MP, Lahey M, Ward SR, Lieber RL. Scaling of muscle architecture and fiber types in the rat hindlimb. Journal of Experimental Biology, 2008; 211: 2336-2345. pdf

Eng CM, Abrams GD, Smallwood LH, Lieber RL, Ward SR. Muscle geometry affects accuracy of forearm volume determination by

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Journal of Biomechanics 2007; 40: 3261-3266. pdf

Research interests

Carolyn M. Eng

Postdoctoral researcher

Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology

Harvard University

Concord Field Station

100 Old Causeway Road

Bedford, MA 01730

Curriculum Vitae


I have served as a teaching fellow for OEB 139: Evolution of the Vertebrates, HEB 1420: Human Evolutionary Anatomy, and LS 2: Evolutionary Human Physiology and Anatomy.